Reflections on the Relationship of Traditional Wisdom, Precision, and Clinical Efficacy in the Herbal Science of Chinese Medicine (2 Parts)


By Heiner Fruehauf

Available languages
English, translated from Mandarin Chinese (9 pages)
German, translated from Mandarin Chinese (10 pages)

These essays represent Heiner’s contribution to 2011’s Fuyang luntan (Discussion Forum on Supporting the Yang), China’s premier conference dedicated to upholding the roots of classical Chinese medicine.



In Part 1, he notes the enormous transformative potential that natural medicine holds in the precarious times we live in, and underscores the importance of clinical efficacy in the process of promoting our medicine. In particular, he points out the importance of the “technological” details of the clinical encounter in Chinese medicine, which have been the basis for optimum clinical results in the past. In Part 2, he shares some aspects of his personal journey toward mastering the details of precise herb prescribing.

In the context of Chinese herbal medicine, the general clinical guideline of supporting the yang (fuyang) leads us to an appreciation for the long-term clinical power of formulas that  prominently feature warming herbs, such as Fuzi (aconite), Gui (cinnamon), Jiang (ginger), Wuzhuyu (evodia), and Sharen (amomum). While the time-honored Chinese science of formula composition–fangji xue–literally means “ballpark medicine,” indicating that as long as a prescription is going in the right direction (such as warming or cooling), the exact details maybe secondary for the purpose of achieving clinical results.

Please note: The original transcription in Mandarin Chinese follows the English and German text. The page count does not reflect the extra pages in Mandarin Chinese.



Additional information


English, German

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